Sebaceous Hyperplasia is a result of enlargement of the oil glands attached to the hair follicle. This occurs most often due to sun damage, but there is also a genetic influence.
Sebaceous Hyperplasia is often first noticed when 3-5mm, yellowish bumps appear on the face or the sides of the forehead. The bumps often have a small indentation in the middle. It looks like a yellowish, shallow crater. The number of yellow bumps can vary, but there are most often only a few that is bothersome. Closer inspection often reveals multiple areas of Sebaceous Hyperplasia.
Sebaceous Hyperplasia is unsightly. The bigger the yellow bumps get the worse it looks.
There are multiple ways to treat Sebaceous Hyperplasia. The most important treatment consideration is the risk of scarring due to the treatment itself. The first line treatments I suggest should have minimal to no risk of scarring.
The treatments with minimal scarring risk for Sebaceous Hyperplasia are as follows:
2. A medication called Roaccutane
3. Very light cautery
Photodynamic therapy involves the application of a light sensitizing cream that is left on for 1-2 hours, followed by exposure to a red light for 12 minutes. Roaccutane is a tablet taken daily for a few months. With Light cautery an electric current is applied to the areas of Sebaceous Hyperplasia. This leads to heating and cell death.
There are other treatment options for Sebaceous Hyperplasia, but the risk of scarring is greater than with the abovementioned treatment options.